Is two third majority necessary for a government to deliver?

Published on: 04/08/2022 | Comments: 1 comment 

CHITRAL: There is a general perception that Pakistan has not developed due to instable democracy and lack of sufficient majority of any sitting government. Is that true?? 

Let us take the case of KP province where one party is in power since the last nine years with two third majority unhindered. There has never been any threat to the government from any side. Has it delivered accordingly? Have the promises made by the ruling party at the time of elections been fulfilled? Has there any been improvement in governance or accountability for which people voted the party? Unfortunately, the answer to all the above questions is ‘NO’. Unfortunately all the above mentioned sectors have worsened instead of improving.

also read : Meritocracy

The slogan of ‘Riasat e Madina’ a favourite slogan of the party head, is no where seen in KP province where it is ruling with 2/3rd majority for last nine years.

The underlying point to highlight is that it is not 2/3 majority which will ensure that a government delivers. Even with 2/3 majority, a government would comprise of electables who would have their own priorities and stakes and they can easily cripple the government to their own advantage.

The answer is not to get more votes and more members. The answer is to change the system and enable a government to be formed without elections and on merit alone. Then will a change come. Other wise it would be a swing of disappointments pendulating forever. .. CN report, 04 Aug 2022

(please note that this writeup is not against or in favour of any party/leader. It is aimed at highlighting the real problem with our government making and governance system, and an effort to high light facts which are sacred but drowned in emotionalism and being blinkered)


Here’s How Pakistan Can Save Billions of Dollars in Foreign Exchange Reserves

Published on: 15/06/2022 | Comments: No comments 

.. by Mohammad Bilal 

Pakistan is predominantly an agricultural country but it is still on a trajectory to import around $9 billion of food items by the end of this fiscal year. With just $9.7 billion in total foreign exchange reserves, Pakistan needs to quickly turn to viable long-term solutions to lessen the burden on its import bill.

Pakistan has already spent about $7.7 billion to import food items during the ongoing fiscal year – 12% more than the corresponding period last year. The import bill of consumable goods is expected to rise further this year since the government will be importing 0.6 million tonnes of sugar and 4 million tonnes of wheat to build reserves. Last fiscal year, Pakistan used $8.3 billion to import consumable food items.

The government has announced an import ban on luxury items, claiming it would save around $6 billion. However, high imports of consumable goods have raised many eyebrows, particularly because agriculture is an area Pakistan can target to become self-sufficient for consumables.

Within the consumable goods category, Pakistan spends foreign exchange mainly on wheat, edible oil, tea and pulses. So far in the ongoing fiscal year, the country has already imported more than $5 billion worth of these items.

Tea :-

Numbers demonstrate our love for tea. Pakistan imported $646 million worth of tea in the 2019-20 fiscal year, largely from Kenya, according to the online data platform Observatory of Economic Complexity, which listed Pakistan as the largest importer of the commodity in the world. In the 10 months of this fiscal year, our tea imports have jumped 9% to $532.4 million, compared with $580.5 million in the entire 2020-2021 fiscal year.

Let’s not forget that excess consumption of tea comes with some inherent health hazards, but that’s a debate for some other time. Back to the forex dynamic; we are largely accustomed to drinking 2-3 cups of tea in a day. Bringing that figure down to a single cup of tea would slash tea imports by 33% to 67% i.e. $200 million to $400 million.

There are other avenues we could take to reduce reliance on imports, like helping the domestic production of tea. “To grow it domestically, we need reliable buyers (from the farmer), technical, material and sometimes financial support for the farming community, a recommendation on the areas suitable for tea production (surely after a survey), and specialized machinery,” said Ahmad Mahmood, Assistant Professor, Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, Multan.

He said a tea plant takes three to five years before it begins production, which means no farmer would wait for those years. “Similarly, post-harvest handling of tea is difficult, and requires technical support which is lacking,” Ahmad said, pointing out that the climate of Abbottabad is more suitable for growing tea than Shinkiari, Mansehra.

“We can grow tea, but it would require a lot of intervention, either by the government or through a public-private partnership, like involving tea marketing companies,” Sikander Bhadera, a farmer, said. “This can actually drastically decrease our food import bill.”

Edible Oil :-

Finance Minister Miftah Ismail said Pakistan used to import $2 billion of edible oil annually despite the fact Pakistan is considered an agricultural country. Pakistan’s palm and soybean-related imports reached $4 billion in fiscal 2021, up 47% annually, and is expected to rise to $6.5 billion in the next few years, which is unsustainable.

The palm oil import bill increased by 45% in the first ten months of the fiscal year to $3.1 billion. The soybean oil import bill more than doubled to $126 million compared to the corresponding period. According to estimates by Pakistan Oilseed Department, total demand for edible oil is expected to grow to 5.9 million tonnes in 2025-26, from 4.7 million tons in fiscal 2021.

“The combined imports of palm and soybean have been growing noticeably over the last twenty years, rising to 7.1% of total imports in FY21 from 3.2% in FY01,” State Bank of Pakistan said in a report.

Palm oil is the main ingredient for manufacturing vegetable ghee, which is a hydrogenated blend of hard (for instance palm) and soft (such as soybean) oil. Since palm oil is rich in saturated fats, the World Health Organization recommends it should be less than 10% of total calorie consumption.

Sindh Abadgar Board’s Senior Vice President Mahmood Nawaz Shah believes Pakistan has immense potential to produce all types of oil, including olive oil, identifying that sunflower, canola and mustard oil could be produced in Sindh and Punjab.

The Oil Research Institute identified Eastern North Punjab, Central Punjab and Western North Punjab with a total of around 9.5 million hectares, or 23.45 million acres, of land already under cultivation. The National Agriculture Research Council estimates about 1 million acres of cultivatable areas in the Pothohar region of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan could be used for growing soybean.

Wheat imports fell by 19% in the first 10 months of the fiscal year, but still stood at $795.3 million, with no wheat imported in the month of April. In the entire fiscal 2021, wheat imports totaled $983.3 million.

Shah lamented that three years ago, Pakistan was producing wheat in surplus. He said that there has been the impact of climate change as well as diseases in the wheat crop, which the country should have prepared for 10 years ago.

“Pakistan’s wheat crop didn’t catch illness while other crops in the world did. But Pakistan did not prepare itself to fight in case those [crop diseases] came to Pakistan. The country is now paying a huge price for lack of proactive approach,” he said.

He said that the country should now work on seeds that have high yield and immunity. Moreover, it should increase its per acre yield from 26 to 27 tons. China has a yield of 65 tons per acre.

Pulses :-

Pakistan has imported $520.6 million worth of pulses between July 2021 and April 2022, compared with $709.7 million in the entire fiscal 2021.

“Not long ago, just like wheat, Pakistan did not import pulses,” lamented Shah. He said that the region between Sindh and Punjab could easily produce pulses. He said that there has to be a policy of the government and a will to see Pakistan producing consumable goods that it needs.

What’s The Way Out? :-

Chairman Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) Dr. Ghulam Muhammad Ali says the country can proceed toward self-sufficiency and increase yield through research.

Ali cited a recent example where Pakistan collaborated with Korean agricultural agencies to increase chili production and post-harvest management technology with the help of the Korea Program on International Agriculture, or KOPIA.

“Good quality chili will open the door to export free of aflatoxins. This will increase the country’s ability to contribute more than $50 million to GDP,” he said.

Meanwhile, Shah said that research in the agriculture sector could never be more important than at this time when the country is facing immense problems with its foreign exchange reserves, which have been depleting amid imports of consumables too.

However, he said that each consumable has to be looked at separately to determine if it could locally be produced. “It’s not that you could grow everything in your country,” he said. However, he added that Pakistan has immense potential to grow many crops not presently being grown domestically or increase the yields of present crops.   .. Source

Pakistan needs confidence, not ‘no confidence’

Published on: 23/02/2022 | Comments: No comments 

CHITRAL: Ever since the stable government of FM Ayub Khan was brought down due to riots and protests, no confidence in all subsequent governments by the people has become a regular matter. No government stands up to it’s manifesto and miserably fails to deliver it’s promises. Both military and civil heads of governments have come one after another and dissapointed the people, rising to their own level of incompetence, corruption and resultant failure. The Drama seems to be being re-enacted in present day Pakistan. The Talk of the country is ‘no confidence motion’ against the incumbent government

For how long will we be entangled in protests and no confidences. Unfortunately pretenders to the throne are already tested ones who had no confidence movements against them in their tenure of power. Why can’t we have a government which does not give a chance to the opposition to indulge in disruptive campaigns and activities. Why cannot a government earn the confidence of the people?. Is is that difficult? Of course not. There are so many countries where there is a stable government delivering as per aspirations of the people. Why can’t we have one, for a change, at least. .. CN report, 23 Feb 2022

How would the world be today, if there were no wars in history?

Published on: 17/01/2021 | Comments: 2 comments 

It would be a wonderful attempt by Hollywood to make a film on the visualised theme of the world today had there been no devastating wars since beginning of recorded history.

Wars: Devastation Assured

Recently the findings in the Indus valley archeological sites pointed to a civilisation 3000 years ago which was very much advanced with cities having sewerage systems and toilets that many areas in India Pakistan and some African countries don’t have even today. The only thing noticeably missing from the findings were weapons or instruments of battles and wars. However later wars came in and brutality destroyed an advanced civilisation.

Like wise the Roman wars, Helenic wars, the Chinese conquests, the Mongol devastation of culture and knowledge houses in Baghdad, the Napoleonic wars, the subcontinent invasions, the world wars, to name just a few unfortunate chapters of history, that turned back the wheels of civilisation. The vast many misadventures of humankind in internecine large scale killings and devastations constitutes too long a list to mention here.

A hypothetical picture of the world as it would be today had these wars not occurred, could make a very interesting theme for a high budget Hollywood movie which will not only prove a block buster for the viewers but could also show the way to the managers of today’s world, how to mend their ways, learning from history. .. CN report, 17 Jan 2021.

Democracy is a primitive way of forming a government. There are better ways now

Published on: 30/09/2020 | Comments: No comments 

Democracy is a primitive way of forming a government. There are better ways now : Meritocracy being the most logical and practical

Cheating in exams should be punishable by imprisonment

Published on: 07/08/2020 | Comments: No comments 

CHITRAL: In China, students caught cheating in college entrance exams are awarded seven years imprisonment. In Pakistan cheating in exams is considered a normal practice and even examiners are lenient on it. Some examiners even help cheating after getting gratification. So much for a conservative muslim society. Result is that we have high degrees but low knowledge and low moral base. In Pakistan, imprisonment should be announced for cheaters and death sentence for examiners helping in cheating. We shall prosper then onward, Insha Allah. .. CN report, 07 Aug 2020

The Last Rites of a Crumbling System

Published on: 27/07/2020 | Comments: 1 comment 

.. by Raoof Hasan

“Without strong watchdog institutions, impunity becomes the very foundation upon which systems of corruption are built. And if impunity is not demolished, all efforts to bring an end to corruption are in vain.“ Rigoberta Menchú

Imagine a country

– where a parliamentarian would demand on the floor of the House that the services of fake degree and fake license-holder pilots should not be terminated;

– where a convict is allowed to travel abroad for medical treatment by merely signing a stamp paper of nondescript value;

– where the courts would repeatedly block the executive branch from performing its constitutional functions on one plea or the other, and where they routinely bail out alleged criminals to escape the investigation of the corruption they are accused of;

– where judges are caught taking dictations over the telephone; where fabrications, distortions, and downright lies adorn the screens for hours every evening without a check by the regulatory body;

– where key state institutions have been reduced to a cacophony of skeletons making a mockery of their very existence;

– where, instead of coming forth with evidence to nullify the allegations, a sitting judge of the apex court would take recourse to petty technicalities to save his skin, with other judges of the bench acting as accomplices; or where the guilty roam free and the innocent are caged.

– where state interests are compromised in lieu of advancing personal, profit-based relations; where political parties are run as family fiefdoms committed to ensuring state capture by a few to eternity;

– where merit is forfeited to enable family members and associates to occupy key positions in the government;

– where democracy is only apparel deceitfully used to hide cruel and despotic indulgences;

– where a sitting Prime Minister would help an alleged criminal escape the law in his official plane;

– where members of a former ruling family, duly declared absconders, unashamedly keep claiming their innocence;

– where the entire executive and judicial organs of the state are helpless before the marauding inroads that a property tycoon made by “putting wheels to his files” and getting away with plundering the holdings of the poor;

– where proven criminals step out of courts with beaming smiles and victory signs; where politicians operate as mafias and businesses as cartels; where bureaucrats are criminally politicised, judiciary has become a vehicle for providing relief to criminals and state institutions are used to perpetuate defilement of the constitution, rules and procedures.

Imagine a country where the word of God is hostage in the hands of a fleet of obscurantist merchants of religion.

And, worst of all, imagine a country where all this is done without remorse, without shame. That country is your country. That country is my country. That country, unfortunately, is Pakistan.

It is not what Pakistan was conceived for becoming, or how its founding fathers would have imagined it would evolve into. But, that is what it has become, and a large number of people may yet be convinced that it is the right thing to have happened.

It is as if we are numb to a million wrongs that afflict this country. It is as if we are blind to felonies, constantly driven by getting our needs fulfilled irrespective of the methods employed or the instruments used. All which is self-interest-driven of the powerful is construed as fair. However, if the same is done by ordinary people, we are quick to become moral vigilante brigades and raise accusatory fingers in their direction. In other words, we accentuate the malady that doing a thing the wrong way is the exclusive right of the beneficiary elite.

This is how deep the malaise has penetrated through layers and layers of the societal fabric with no hope in hell that it may, at some point in time, be reversible. In fact, with every passing day, this thought process is digging its tentacles deeper with the whole society standing on the sidelines watching in total and criminal silence. It is not a few odd people who have gone astray. By deliberately exercising our ‘right’ to stay silent, we have all become accomplices in this crime spree.

Look at our institutions. Look at the judiciary and the way it is conducting itself, letting criminals simply walk away; or the NAB with virtually no convictions to show by way of performance; or the financial institutions failing miserably in expanding the taxpayers’ base and trying to extricate more from the ones who are already captive in their hands; or regulatory bodies facilitating non-conforming organisations in expanding their illicit networks. These are symptoms of an inherently dishonest and diseased system which works by criminalising all annals of governance.

The state institutions have become impediments in the way of every possible effort to clean up things with the judiciary repeatedly obstructing the executive branch of the state by exercising its right of issuing intrusive injunctions, thus stalling all potential corrective measures. The adjudication in favor of the sugar mafia is only the latest example of this morbid penchant. Then there are a large number of hirelings employed by the previous governments who are still positioned in various institutions to continue the spree of malpractices of the past and block the path of reform in every possible way.

The extent to which this system has been bludgeoned by the corrupt beneficiary elite, it no longer remains fit to run the country. It is a piece of stinking rubbish that does not even deserve a bin to be thrown into. It has lost its relevance in the context of the challenges which have emerged as a consequence of how it has been manipulated through decades for the sake of raising illicit empires on the carcasses of the poor and the impoverished communities.

It has been distorted beyond recognition, beyond reform. Irrespective of a number of negative perceptions that prevail currently, some real and some fictional, this system has to be replaced by something more suited to the needs of the society which is intrinsically exploitative in nature, and where the rights of the weaker segments have to be ensured by the state beyond any prospect of exploitation by the gangs of crony beneficiary elite.

This system is to be so designed that, and I quote Angel Gurria here, “integrity, transparency and the fight against corruption should be part of the culture. They have to be taught as fundamental values”. Alongside that, there should be strict enforcement mechanisms to implement conformance to these basic strictures and tenets. It is then that we would begin to erect the edifice of a fair, just, and equitable state to ensure that the welfare, safety, and security of its people, particularly its marginalized communities, is not left at the mercy and discretion of the crony beneficiary elite.

This decrepit system is sinking in the poisonous juices of its own making. It is now for the people to do the rest. They are the guardians of the state and they must make a move to transform it into a beneficent and welfare outfit where all are treated equally and where the exploitative instruments are driven out of the realm of governance.

Let us see the people rising to the call of their conscience. They should perform the last rites of this rotten system. Otherwise, it is them and the deluge which advances their way!

The writer is a political analyst and the Executive Director of the Regional Peace Institute. He can be reached at:; Twitter: @RaoofHasan.

New order for the Judicial System needed

Published on: 24/07/2020 | Comments: 1 comment 

CHITRAL: Among the many ills that ail our country, is the absence of an efficient and fair judicial system. Instances of legal cases being dragged on for generations are not rare in Pakistan. It appears that no government since independence has paid heed towards the improvement of our judicial system. Jokes, puns and sarcasm abound regarding the weakness of the justice system in Pakistan.

Salutes to this Judge!

Whereas there may be many suggestions regarding improvement of the judicial system, one suggestion if implemented would not only turn around the deliverance of justice in Pakistan but would also reduce the load on the courts which are full of ‘no go’ cases being filed by every Tom Dick and Harry, and many on the instigation and prodding of lawyers, who have nothing to loose trying their shenaniganism, in the current system.

As per the new suggestion any lawyer who files a frivolous case on behalf of a party and looses the case, the lawyer along with the case filer party should be punished severely. If this law is implemented there would be 80 percent less cases in the courts and those who file a petition need to be pretty sure and confident about what they are doing. At present there is a heavy load of non-serious cases in the courts. The example of the illiterate Sikh judge is a gleaming road for our Judges. .. CN report, 24 July 2020

Collective ‘Qurbani’ culture is need of the day

Published on: 22/07/2020 | Comments: 2 comments 

Chitral — As Eid ul Azha? or Eid e Qurban (festival of sacrifice) draws near, thousands and thousands of sheep, goats, cows, bulls, camels etc are being bought by Muslims for the purpose of slaughtering them on Eid day in accordance with the obligatory ritual for all muslims who can afford to buy the animal for the purpose.
There are two ways of performing the ritual, first, each earning person slaughters a smaller animal like a goat or sheep or a number of people pool in and sacrifice a bigger animal like a cow, bull, buffalo or camel. The later appears a more practical and viable option in present day scenario.
Every locality should contribute to buy a large bull or camel and feed it for a month collectively and sacrifice it on Eid day. This way the ritual obligation would be fulfilled, while less animals would be slaughtered. As Muslims, we are obliged to perform rituals which are mandatory but doing so in a more practical and permissible manner is what needs to be looked into and encouraged. — CN viewpoint, 03 Sep 2016.

Remembering Khalil Gibran Khalil

Published on: 10/04/2020 | Comments: No comments 

.. by Mir Wazir Khan

Khalil Gibran Khalil (for Muslim) and Kahlil Gibran Kahlil (for Christian) is perhaps the most widely read author of the early 20th century.? Gibran was born on January 6, 1883 in the village of Bsharri in Mount Lebanon in a Maronite Christian family. Gibran attained universal fame at a relatively young age through his artistic, philosophical and literary works which few have achieved in history.

Gibran was an artist, mystic, author and poet-philosopher acclaimed and applauded in all continents of the world and by people of all major faiths and races. He was an ecumenical poet and philosopher who believed in the universality of humanity and vehemently taught love, compassion and cooperation among humanity.? Gibran lived in an age when the Arab world in the greater Middle East was in disarray. The Ottoman Empire ruled over different Arab countries of the Middle East and North Africa as provinces of the Ottoman Empire.? A wave of Arab nationalism and a desire for liberation from the Ottoman rule was brewing in different strata of Arab societies. Gibran considered Syria as the centre of the Arab world and the surrounding regions and countries as part of greater Syria. Philosophers and writers such as Gibran were in the forefront to foment tempo of nationalism and the desire for freedom in the Arab world through their thoughts and writings.

Gibran was a universal non-partisan and non-denominational figure of his times recognized and revered by people of all faiths and denominations. Muslims considered Gibran as Muslim while Christian believed him to be a Christian. Gibran was much impressed from Islam and particularly its mystic strand. He had great reverence for the?? Prophet of Islam and referred to him in his writings as al-Mustafa. The aim of Gibran had been to unite all Arabs irrespective of their religious affiliation for the freedom of the Arab world and for the establishment of better and progressive societies.

Gibran immigrated to the United States in 1895 along with his family. The purpose of his emigration was to pursue his artistic and literary pursuits in an environment of freedom and liberty. It was almost impossible for Gibran to write and publish books and articles in Lebanon in the same way as he did in the United States. Gibran spent most of his time rotating between Boston and New York. To quench his thirst for arts, he travelled to the leading cities of the Western world including Paris and Rome. Gibran produced around 700 artistic works on different themes and subjects including Nature, Love, Life and Eternity. However, Gibran got lasting fame through his thoughts and writing which emphasized on oneness and universality of humanity. His writings were highly appealing to readers from different backgrounds.

Gibran?s stay in the United States really provided him enabling environment to pursue his artistic and literary passions. In addition to the 700 works of art, Gibran also wrote several books of lasting fame. The Prophet is considered to be his master piece work which was first published in the United Stated in 1923. The Prophet is believed to be the best- selling book of all times which has been translated into more than 100 languages. ?The Garden of the Prophet, The Madman, The Broken Wings and Sand and Foam are some of his other writings. Gibran believed in the ever-lasting nature of the soul. He developed sickness and his ailment gradually deteriorated. Physical weakness and other bodily symptoms alerted Gibran to the fallibility of human life. ?Therefore, some months before his dead he expressed to his close friends his desire that the epitaph he wished to be written at his tomb should read as follows:

?I am alive, like you. And I now stand beside you. Close your eyes and look around and you will see me in front of you?.

Gibran breathed his last in New York in a calm and peaceful condition on April 10, 1931 at the age of 48. A magnificent mausoleum was established in his native village of Bsharri and his suggested words were engraved at the gate of the mausoleum. Many countries recognized and remembered Gibran and his literary, philosophical and artistic services to humanity by erecting monuments and statues in his honor. Gibran lived at 14 Avenue du Maine in Paris from 1908 to 1910. The French government erected a plague there in his memory which is significant for any Third World personality. The United States, Brazil, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Chile, Morocco, Romania, Venezuela and Lebanon honored his memory through establishment of gardens, libraries, statues, busts and roads. Here again, the Muslim and Arab world lagged behind in commemorating the great Arab and Middle Eastern figure sufficiently and appropriately as he deserved.

Gibran wrote on many themes and topics of importance of his times which are also relevant to our times and well into the future. He wrote about ethics and morals, universal love and peace with all or sulh-e-kul and spiritual and societal awakenings. His aim in his writings and art-works mostly remained his desire to remind humanity that humans are the noblest creation of God on Earth and a microcosm on the face of visible macrocosm. He always strived, through his writings, to awaken the nobility, elites and peoples in positions of leadership towards betterment of their societies and polities so that people at large can live their lives in peace, dignity and sufficiency. Below is a paragraph taken from his book ?The Garden of Prophet? in which he pities a nation or society which has chronic and fundamental flaws in their thinking, attitudes and behaviors and which are likely to ruin the nation or society:

?My friends and road-fellows pity the nation that is full of beliefs and empty of religion.

Pity the nation that does not discern nobility from villainy

Pity the nation that wears a cloth it does not weave, eats a bread it does not harvest and drinks a wine?? that flows not from its own wine-press.

Pity the nation that acclaim a bully as hero, and that deems the glittering conqueror as bountiful.

Pity the nation that despises a passion in his dreams, yet submits in its awakening.

Pity the nation that raises not its voice save when it walks in a funeral, boast not except among its ruins, and will rebel not save when his neck is laid between the sword and the block.

Pity the nation whose statesman is a fox, whose philosopher is a juggler, and whose art is the art of patching and mimicking.

Pity the nation that welcomes its new ruler with trumpeting, and farewells him with hooting, only to welcome another with trumpeting again.

Pity the nation whose sages are dumb with years and whose strongmen are yet in the cradle.

Pity the nation divided into fragments, each fragment deeming itself a nation.?

The above quotes from Gibran and the vices and weaknesses it portraits, to a greater extent, depicts shortcomings in which our society or societies are immersed and engulfed. We mostly respect those who wields and project power. In our social relations we struggle to be connected, at all cost, with those who are powerful and resourceful. We love dominant professions. ?Key and essential professions of teachers, preachers, nurses, engineers, technicians, craftsmen and such others who make the society run are seldom liked. Accumulation of wealth and upward mobility in society, by all means, are the only determinants of one?s success in life. Truth and falsehood and right and wrong are all relative and societies are built on Relativism. Gibran rightly considered the above vices and short-comings in societies, particularly among elites and dominant classes of the societies, as dangerous portents for the progress of nations. Contemporary societies and particularly societies in Muslim-majority countries are still rampant with the moral and ethical flaws which Khalil Gibran decried a century ago. The existence of these defects are dangerous, but the most dangerous aspect of the matter is that a century after ?Gibran, these vices or defects are not considered as vices or defects but rather these are taken to be an integral part of life, social organization, social status, social mobility and for attainment of ?power fame and reputation. .. Mir Wazir Khan, Awi, Chitral 10 Apr 2020 (April 10, Death Anniversary of Khalil Gibran Khalil)